Effectiveness of Information Booklet on knowledge regarding Vitamin A deficiency and its prophylaxis among mothers of under five year children in selected slum area Bhopal
Keywords:Knowledge, Vitamin A deficiency, mothers, and under five year children
Vitamin A deficiency is a noteworthy nutritional issue among under five year children in undeveloped nations, but rarely seen in more developed nations. Vitamin A deficiency or hypovitaminosis A is an inadequate of Vitamin A in blood and tissues. Vitamin A deficiency is a systemic ailment with major impact on eyes. Vitamin A deficiency happens due to inadequate intake of Vitamin A.1 A quasi experimental approach one group pretest post-test design was undertaken in the present study to Effectiveness of Information Booklet on knowledge regarding Vitamin A deficiency and its prophylaxis among mothers of under five year children in selected slum area Bhopal.60 subjects were selected through non probability purposive sampling technique. They were assessed by the investigator with the help of self structured questionnaire and administered Information Booklet on knowledge regarding Vitamin A deficiency and its prophylaxis among mothers of under five year children. The study findings shows that majority of mothers 24 (40%) belongs to age group of 21-25 years, 40 (66.7%) were belongs to Hindu religion, 22 (36.7%) were secondary education, 38(63.3%) were house wife, 27 (45%) of mothers were having two children, 20 (33.3%) of mothers were having family income 5000/-Rs or below, and 36 (60%) of mothers were having vegetarian. Before giving Information booklet lowest 6(10%) of mothers had knowledge to the items “Which disease leads to Vit-A deficiency” and after given information booklet highest 60(100%) of mothers had knowledge to items, “First sign of Vit-A deficiency”. Before giving Information booklet, lowest Mean 15, SD 6.95 of mothers to the area “Definition and sources of Vitamin A” and after given Information booklet, highest Mean 44.71, SD 19.39 of mothers to the area. In Pretest majority 38 (63.3%) of the mothers had poor knowledge, Mean score 9.1833 and SD 3.00560 and after providing Information Booklet post-test knowledge score majority 33(55%) had good knowledge, Mean score 21.1667 and SD 2.84734. After comparison proved that the Information Booklet was effective for increasing the knowledge score of mothers of under five year children. The finding showed that the significant association between knowledge of mother under five children with education (21.483) P=0.000, Occupation (10.258), P=0.006, family income 8.634 and P=0.035 whereas there are non significant association between age (2.172) and P=.538, religion (1.861) and P=0.602, Number of children (6.534) P=0.88, type of diet (4.498) P=0.106 with knowledge of mother under five year children.
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